Aerobatic Lesson Plans
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Back to Lesson Plan Overview

2. Aerobatic Lesson Plan - Steep Pitch Changes

Pilot:                                        Date:                   

   Schedule:                                              Equipment Required:
Preflight Instruction                                    .30            Aerobatic Airplane
CFI Demo                                                   .30            Aircraft POH
Directed Pilot Application & Practice        .75            Parachutes
Postflight critique                                        .15            Weather Briefing
Total                                                          1.50            Model airplane

Objective: Pitch 45 degrees up & down

Student should exhibit proper knowledge and use of controls in pitching up & down including proper pitch angle, rudder control and maintaining wings level.

  1. Select safe altitude - no less than 2000 feet AGL
  2. Establish 170 KTS in MX2, or proper speed in other aircraft
  3. Pitch up to 45 degree up angle, +/- 5 degrees and maintain until airspeed reaches 80 KTS
  4. Pitch down to 45 degree down angle, +/- 5 degrees and recover at initial altitude
  5. Maintain aircraft heading +/-10 degrees    
  6. Divide attention between airplane control and orientation

  1. Proper Airspeed
  2. Minimum safe altitude awareness
  3. Stall recognition & avoidance
  4. Flight control utilization and coordination
  5. Proper division of attention
  6. Forces acting on aircraft during steep pitches
  7. Slip & skid indications
  8. Rudder coordination

Common Errors:
  1. Poor use of elevator to pitch and set 45 degree angle
  2. Poor altitude control & unintended bank
  3. Poor use of rudder during high torque & P factor loads
  4. Inadvertent stall/spin
  5. Throttle procedure ignored
  6. Torque & P-factor forces disregarded

Instructor Actions:
  1. Explain & discuss the lesson objective & required knowledge criteria
  2. Instruct that aerobatic pitching must be at least 45 degrees pitch angle, both nose up and nose down with the attendant increase in Gz forces during pitch up and trend toward 0 Gz at pitch down
  3. Establish the proper airspeed, 170 KTS.
  4. Pull briskly to 45 degrees nose up and hold line until airspeed bleeds down to 80 KTS.
  5. Push nose briskly down to 45 degrees nose down angle and recover at entry altitudeq
  6. Conduct a post flight critique to review procedures, techniques and preview the next lesson

Pilot Actions:
  1. Participate in discussion of objective, listen, ask questions
  2. Preview this outline prior to the flight lesson
  3. Practice and experience the aircraft attitude at 45 degrees nose up & down, Gz forces during pull & push, rudder and aileron required to maintain wings level

Completion Standards:
Pilot can explain and demonstrate aerobatic pitch up & down to 45 degree nose up and down angles including correcting for torque and P factor while maintaining flight orientation throughout the performance of aerobatic pitch up & down and adhering to the above criteria.